The Days of the Week in German

The German names for the days, known as "die Wochentage," are steeped in history and closely related to celestial bodies and ancient deities.


Language is an essential element of culture, and understanding the days of the week in a foreign language provides insights into the cultural fabric of that society. German, a widely spoken language in Central Europe, is rich in history and traditions. Learning the days of the week in German not only aids communication but also offers a glimpse into the Germanic culture and way of life. Explore the days of the week in German, their origins, and their significance in German society.

Die Wochentage (The Days of the Week):

The German days of the week, known as "die Wochentage," closely resemble their English counterparts in terms of structure. The names are derived from the names of celestial bodies and Germanic gods. Understanding the etymology of each day's name can provide a fascinating historical perspective.

Montag (Monday):

"Montag" is the equivalent of Monday in German. The name "Montag" originates from the Old High German term "mānandag," which translates to "Moon's day." The association with the moon dates back to ancient Germanic mythology, where the day was believed to be governed by the moon's influence.

Dienstag (Tuesday):

"Dienstag" corresponds to Tuesday. The name comes from the Old High German "dīnistac," which means "Tiw's day." In Germanic mythology, "Tiw" was a deity associated with war and justice, akin to the Norse god Tyr.

Mittwoch (Wednesday):

The German "Mittwoch" corresponds to Wednesday. The name originates from "mittiwīh," meaning "middle of the week." Unlike other days that are named after celestial bodies or gods, Wednesday's name refers to its position in the middle of the traditional workweek.

Donnerstag (Thursday):

"Donnerstag" translates to Thursday in English. The name is linked to the Old High German "Donarestac," which signifies "Thor's day." In Germanic mythology, Thor was the god of thunder, wielding his powerful hammer, Mjölnir.

Freitag (Friday):

"Freitag" is the German equivalent of Friday. The name is derived from "Frija's day," referring to the Germanic goddess of love and fertility, similar to the Norse goddess Freyja.

Samstag (Saturday):

"Samstag" corresponds to Saturday in German. The name comes from the Old High German term "sambaztag," which signifies "day of rest." This day was traditionally associated with rest and relaxation after a week of labor.

Sonntag (Sunday):

"Sonntag" is the German name for Sunday. The name translates to "Sun's day." It originates from the Old High German "sunnūntag," linking Sunday to the sun, which was a significant celestial body in Germanic cosmology.


The days of the week in German carry historical, cultural, and mythological significance, reflecting the ancient Germanic roots of the language. Learning the names of the days not only aids in communication but also deepens one's understanding of Germanic traditions and beliefs. As language learners embrace these cultural nuances, they develop a profound appreciation for the German language and its ties to its historical past. Moreover, using the days of the week in daily conversations allows learners to engage with native speakers more naturally and participate in the rhythm of German life. So, as we immerse ourselves in the German language, let us embrace the essence of "die Wochentage" and appreciate the linguistic heritage they carry.

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